Jerash

Jerash is a city in Jordan, north of the capital Amman. Inhabited since the Bronze Age, it’s known for the ruins of the walled Greco-Roman settlement of Gerasa just outside the modern city. These include the 2nd-century Hadrian’s Arch, the Corinthian columns of the Temple of Artemis and the huge Forum’s oval colonnade. The Jerash Archaeological Museum displays artifacts excavated from the site.

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Arch of Hadrian

The Arch of Hadrian is an ancient Roman structure in Jerash, Jordan. It is an 11-metre high triple-arched gateway erected to honor the visit of Roman Emperor Hadrian to the city in the winter of 129–130. The arch originally stood to almost 22 m and probably had wooden doors. It features some unconventional, possibly Nabataean, architectural features, such as acanthus bases. The columns are decorated with capitals at the bottom rather than the top. The monument served both as a commemorative arch and as an approach to Gerasa. The Arch's relative remoteness from the city walls points to a plan for southward expansion of Gerasa during its heyday. The expansion, however, has not been implemented. Wikipedia

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Temple of Zeus

Artemis was the patron goddess of the city and was the Hellenistic interpretation of a local deity likely worshipped before the arrival of the Greek colonists, who instead imported in the city the cult of Zeus Olympios. We have evidence of an older sanctuary of Artemis from few inscriptions. The construction of a new wider sanctuary was started after the Bar Kokhba revolt (AD 136); the propylaeum was completed in AD 150 during the reign of emperor Antoninus Pius, while the temple was never finished.

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Oval Plaza

One of the most impressive squares of antiquity. The oval shape is unique and was chosen to harmoniously connect two axes that meet at an angle: the newer one of the Roman Cardo (the long colonnaded street) with the axis of the older Sanctuary of Zeus. The square itself with the Ionic columns was built at the beginning of the 2nd century AD. The paving was done later and was very complex, because a 6 to 8 m high substructure had to be built to compensate for a depression.

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South Gate

The South Gate may have been built just before the Emperor Hadrian's visit in 129/130 AD, and it is therefore likely that it was built in his honor. There are striking similarities with the larger and later erected Hadrian's Arch: Corinthian half columns on high pedestals, the arches of the gate passages sit on Corinthian pilasters, pavilions adjoin to the left and right of the actual gate building. Later it became part of the 3.4 kilometer-long city wall that was constructed at the beginning of the 4th century AD.

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Church of St. Theodore

The Church of St. Theodore is part of a group of buildings on four terraces, rising one above the other on the west side of the Cardo Maximus (main street).

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Nymphaeum

Nymphaeum Temple of jerash. The ancient ruins of Jerash are an absolute must-see for anyone with an interest in history. People settled in the area during the Neolithic (7500-5500 BCE) and Bronze Ages (3200-1200 BCE), and we have evidence documenting the city's role in the Hellenistic world (323-31 BCE) as well.

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North Tetrapylon

North Tetrapylon. Built ca. 180 AD at the intersection of the Cardo Maximus and the North Decumanus (east-west avenue).

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